200-310 exam demo 300-115 exam

12 juni 2018

We live in a world full of competition. And 210-065 exam book the examination is one of the tools 210-065 exam book to exam whether we meet the 200-310 exam demo standard or not. If we want 300-115 exam book to enter the key university, 210-065 exam book we have 300-115 exam book to get high marks 300-115 exam book 200-310 exam demo 300-115 exam book on the College Entrance Exam;if 200-310 exam demo we want 210-065 exam book to have a good job, we will go through a series of interviews 210-065 exam book 200-310 exam demo and tests; 210-065 exam book 200-310 exam demo If we want 210-065 exam book to drive a car, we 200-310 exam demo have to pass 210-065 exam book the driving test. Some 210-065 exam book 210-065 exam book people complain that there are too many exams in 300-115 exam book 210-065 exam book our lives, and these 200-310 exam demo exams 300-115 exam book cannot 210-065 exam book truly or fully 300-115 exam book reflect a persons 300-115 exam book ability. Unfortunately, our fate and future 210-065 exam book are 300-115 exam book depending 200-310 exam demo on these 200-310 exam demo 300-115 exam book 200-310 exam demo exams. 200-310 exam demo We cannot avoid them exam is very 200-310 exam demo important.

Sometimes, luck plays a vital role in 210-065 exam book the 210-065 exam book 210-065 exam book examinations. The student may guess an 300-115 exam book answer 200-310 exam demo 300-115 exam book right 300-115 exam book although he doesnt work hard on the course. If the 200-310 exam demo 200-310 exam demo student has a good handwriting, he may get higher marks 300-115 exam book than others. There are many 300-115 exam book subjective factors that may affect the outcome of the exams.In 300-115 exam book a 200-310 exam demo word, it is not enough to use exams to evaluate the students. If the schools want to assess the students, they shouldd use different ways. Only in this way, the result may be fair.

200-310 exam demo 300-115 exam book

12 juni 2018

We live in a world full of 200-310 exam demo 200-310 exam demo competition. 300-115 exam book And the 210-065 exam book examination is one of 200-310 exam demo the tools to exam whether we 300-115 exam book 300-115 exam book meet the standard or not. If we want to enter the key university, we 210-065 exam book 300-115 exam book have to 210-065 exam book 300-115 exam book 200-310 exam demo get high marks 210-065 exam book on the College 200-310 exam demo Entrance Exam;if we want to have a good job, we will go 300-115 exam book through a series of interviews and tests; If we want to drive a car, we have to pass the driving 210-065 exam book test. 210-065 exam book 210-065 exam book Some people complain that there are 300-115 exam book too many 200-310 exam demo exams in our lives, 200-310 exam demo and these 210-065 exam book exams 210-065 exam book 210-065 exam book cannot truly or fully 210-065 exam book reflect a persons ability. Unfortunately, our fate and future are depending on 300-115 exam book these exams. We cannot avoid them exam is very important.

At the same 210-065 exam book time, they are also helpful to 200-310 exam demo the teachers. The teachers can 300-115 exam book get 210-065 exam book to know 300-115 exam book clearly what their students problems are. 300-115 exam book Then they can 300-115 exam book get to change their teaching 200-310 exam demo plans and improve their 200-310 exam demo teaching methods 300-115 exam book so as to help their students 200-310 exam demo study. However, 300-115 exam book if there are too many examinations, 210-065 exam book they will do more harm than good to the students. The 300-115 exam book 200-310 exam demo 300-115 exam book examinations will become a heavy burden on 210-065 exam book the students. Sooner or 200-310 exam demo later 200-310 exam demo 200-310 exam demo 200-310 exam demo the students will get tired of them and lose interest in studying.In a word, examinations 210-065 exam book are necessary, but too many are not good. Therefore we should reduce unnecessary examinations.

300-208 dumps 210-060 dumps

12 juni 2018

210-060 dumps In my opinion, examinations are necessary 210-060 dumps for 200-105 study guides students. They can tell us 200-105 study guides 300-208 dumps how 300-208 dumps much the students have learned and what their strong points and 210-060 dumps what 200-105 study guides their 210-060 dumps 210-060 dumps weak points 300-208 dumps 300-208 dumps are in their 210-060 dumps study progress. Therefore, the 300-208 dumps 210-060 dumps proper exams are 300-208 dumps useful to the 300-208 dumps 200-105 study guides students further studies.

At 210-060 dumps the same time, they are also 210-060 dumps helpful to the teachers. The teachers can get to know 200-105 study guides 210-060 dumps clearly what 300-208 dumps 210-060 dumps their students 300-208 dumps problems are. Then they 300-208 dumps can get to change their teaching plans and improve their teaching methods so as 200-105 study guides to help their students study. 200-105 study guides However, 300-208 dumps if 200-105 study guides 200-105 study guides there are 200-105 study guides 300-208 dumps too many examinations, they 300-208 dumps will 200-105 study guides 210-060 dumps do more harm than good 210-060 dumps to the students. The examinations 300-208 dumps will become 200-105 study guides a 300-208 dumps heavy burden on 300-208 dumps 210-060 dumps the students. Sooner or 210-060 dumps later the students will get tired of them 200-105 study guides 210-060 dumps 200-105 study guides and 200-105 study guides lose interest in studying.In a 200-105 study guides word, examinations are necessary, but too many are not good. Therefore we should reduce unnecessary examinations

210-060 dumps 200-105 study guides

12 juni 2018

We live 300-208 dumps 300-208 dumps in 210-060 dumps a world full of competition. 200-105 study guides And the examination is one of the tools to exam whether we meet the standard or 300-208 dumps not. 200-105 study guides If we 210-060 dumps 200-105 study guides want 210-060 dumps 200-105 study guides to enter the key university, 300-208 dumps we have 300-208 dumps to get high 200-105 study guides marks on the College Entrance Exam;if we want 300-208 dumps to 300-208 dumps have a good job, we will go through a 210-060 dumps 210-060 dumps series of interviews and tests; If we want to drive a car, we have to pass the 210-060 dumps driving test. Some 300-208 dumps 300-208 dumps 200-105 study guides people complain that there are 210-060 dumps too 200-105 study guides many exams in our 300-208 dumps lives, 200-105 study guides and these 210-060 dumps exams cannot truly or 210-060 dumps fully reflect a persons ability. Unfortunately, our fate and future are depending on these exams. We cannot avoid them exam is very important.

Sometimes, 210-060 dumps 210-060 dumps luck plays a vital role 210-060 dumps in the examinations. The student may guess an answer 200-105 study guides right although he doesnt work 300-208 dumps hard on the course. 200-105 study guides If the student 210-060 dumps has 210-060 dumps a good handwriting, 300-208 dumps he may get 200-105 study guides higher 210-060 dumps 200-105 study guides marks than 300-208 dumps others. 300-208 dumps There are many 210-060 dumps subjective factors that may affect 200-105 study guides the outcome of 300-208 dumps the 300-208 dumps exams.In a word, it is 200-105 study guides not enough to use exams to evaluate the students. If the schools want 200-105 study guides to assess the students, they shouldd use different 200-105 study guides ways. Only in this way, the result may be fair.

810-403 questions & answers

12 juni 2018

We live in a world full of competition. 810-403 questions & answers And the 210-060 exam examination 210-060 exam is one of the tools to exam whether 400-101 exam 210-060 exam we 400-101 exam meet the standard or 810-403 questions & answers not. If we 400-101 exam want to enter the key 400-101 exam university, we 810-403 questions & answers have to get 210-060 exam high marks on the College Entrance 810-403 questions & answers Exam;if 810-403 questions & answers we want to have 400-101 exam a good job, we will go through a series of 210-060 exam interviews and tests; 400-101 exam If we want to drive a car, we have to pass the 400-101 exam driving test. 810-403 questions & answers Some people complain that there are too 810-403 questions & answers many exams in 810-403 questions & answers our lives, and 210-060 exam these exams cannot 810-403 questions & answers truly 810-403 questions & answers or 400-101 exam fully reflect a persons ability. Unfortunately, our fate and future are depending on these exams. 210-060 exam We 400-101 exam cannot avoid them exam is very important.

It is true that the examinations can only test what we remember 210-060 exam instead of what 810-403 questions & answers we know. 400-101 exam A student with a 400-101 exam 400-101 exam good 810-403 questions & answers memory may 400-101 exam find it very 810-403 questions & answers easy to 400-101 exam get 400-101 exam high marks 210-060 exam 400-101 exam before the examinations. All he 810-403 questions & answers needs to do is to remember 210-060 exam the knowledge from 810-403 questions & answers the textbooks. In this situation, it is 210-060 exam quite unfair to evaluate 210-060 exam the 210-060 exam students only through exams. 210-060 exam What is more, some unexpected accidents may happen to 810-403 questions & answers 210-060 exam the students such as a high fever or a sudden headache; this will affect the final marks. Since 210-060 exam no one can performs stable all the time.

210-060 exam 400-101 exam

12 juni 2018

We live in 210-060 exam 400-101 exam a world full of 400-101 exam competition. And the 400-101 exam examination is one of the tools to exam whether we meet the standard or not. 210-060 exam If we want to enter the key university, we have to get 210-060 exam 400-101 exam high marks on the College Entrance 400-101 exam Exam;if we want to have a good job, we will go through a series 810-403 questions & answers of 400-101 exam interviews and 810-403 questions & answers tests; If we 400-101 exam want to drive a 810-403 questions & answers car, we have to 400-101 exam pass the driving test. Some people complain that there are 810-403 questions & answers too 810-403 questions & answers many exams in 400-101 exam our 810-403 questions & answers 810-403 questions & answers lives, and 210-060 exam these exams cannot truly or fully reflect a persons ability. Unfortunately, our fate and 400-101 exam future are 810-403 questions & answers depending on these exams. 810-403 questions & answers 810-403 questions & answers 810-403 questions & answers We 210-060 exam cannot avoid them exam is very important.

Sometimes, luck plays a vital role in the examinations. 210-060 exam 210-060 exam The student 210-060 exam may 400-101 exam guess an answer right 810-403 questions & answers although he doesnt work 210-060 exam 400-101 exam 400-101 exam hard on the course. If 810-403 questions & answers the student has a good handwriting, he may get 210-060 exam higher marks than others. There are 810-403 questions & answers many subjective factors 400-101 exam that 400-101 exam may affect the outcome of the exams.In a word, 810-403 questions & answers it 400-101 exam is 210-060 exam 810-403 questions & answers not enough to use 210-060 exam exams to 210-060 exam evaluate the students. 210-060 exam If 210-060 exam the schools want to assess the students, they shouldd use different ways. Only in this 210-060 exam way, the result may be fair.

810-403 exam 200-105 exam demo

12 juni 2018

We 200-105 exam demo 810-403 exam 200-105 exam demo live in a world full of competition. And the examination is one of 300-075 exam pdf 810-403 exam the tools to exam whether we 200-105 exam demo meet 200-105 exam demo the 810-403 exam standard or not. 300-075 exam pdf 300-075 exam pdf If we want to 810-403 exam enter the key university, 810-403 exam we have to 300-075 exam pdf 200-105 exam demo get high 810-403 exam marks on 300-075 exam pdf the College 300-075 exam pdf 200-105 exam demo Entrance Exam;if we want to 810-403 exam 300-075 exam pdf have 810-403 exam a 200-105 exam demo 810-403 exam good 300-075 exam pdf job, 200-105 exam demo 200-105 exam demo we will 810-403 exam go through a series of interviews and tests; If we 810-403 exam 200-105 exam demo want to drive a car, 300-075 exam pdf we have to pass the driving test. Some 300-075 exam pdf people complain that 200-105 exam demo there are too 810-403 exam many exams in 300-075 exam pdf our lives, and these exams cannot 300-075 exam pdf truly or fully reflect a persons ability. Unfortunately, our fate and future are depending 810-403 exam on these exams. 300-075 exam pdf We cannot avoid 810-403 exam them exam 810-403 exam is very important.

In 810-403 exam 200-105 exam demo my opinion, examinations are necessary 200-105 exam demo for students. They can tell 300-075 exam pdf us 200-105 exam demo how much 300-075 exam pdf 300-075 exam pdf the students have 200-105 exam demo learned and what their strong points and what their weak points are in their study progress. Therefore, 200-105 exam demo the proper exams are useful to the students further studies.

200-105 exam demo 300-075 exam pdf

12 juni 2018

We live in a world 200-105 exam demo full of competition. And the examination 200-105 exam demo is one of the 300-075 exam pdf tools to exam whether 200-105 exam demo 300-075 exam pdf 300-075 exam pdf we 300-075 exam pdf meet the standard or not. If we want 200-105 exam demo to 200-105 exam demo enter 300-075 exam pdf the key university, we have to 300-075 exam pdf 300-075 exam pdf get 300-075 exam pdf high 810-403 exam 810-403 exam marks 200-105 exam demo on the College Entrance Exam;if we 810-403 exam want 300-075 exam pdf to have a good job, we will go 810-403 exam through a 300-075 exam pdf series of interviews and 810-403 exam tests; If we 810-403 exam 810-403 exam want to drive a car, we have to pass the driving test. Some 200-105 exam demo people complain that there are too many exams in our lives, and these 810-403 exam exams 200-105 exam demo cannot truly or fully 810-403 exam reflect a 810-403 exam persons 810-403 exam ability. Unfortunately, our 200-105 exam demo 810-403 exam fate 810-403 exam 810-403 exam and future are depending on these exams. 810-403 exam 810-403 exam We cannot 300-075 exam pdf avoid them exam 200-105 exam demo is 300-075 exam pdf very important.

In my opinion, 300-075 exam pdf 200-105 exam demo examinations are 300-075 exam pdf necessary for students. They 200-105 exam demo can tell us how 200-105 exam demo 200-105 exam demo much the students 200-105 exam demo have learned and what 300-075 exam pdf their strong points and what 300-075 exam pdf their weak points are in their 200-105 exam demo study progress. Therefore, the proper exams are useful to the students further studies.

dd

12 juni 2018

Boeken uit een land dat niet meer bestaat

16 januari 2018

De kaart van Oost-Europa van voor de Eerste Wereldoorlog zag er heel wat anders uit dan die van vandaag. Er zijn daar sindsdien vele legers overheen getrokken, grenzen heen en weer geschoven, hele volken verplaatst of zelfs opgeheven. Nog binnen mensenheugenis hebben zich drama’s voorgedaan die de Grote Volksverhuizingen aan het einde van de Oudheid doen verbleken. Deze achtergrond verklaart ook het gedrag van hun huidige regeringen.

Een van die verdwenen landen is (Oost-)Pruisen. In het dicht beboste en dun bevolkte gebied tussen Litouwen en Polen aan de zuidelijke kust van de Oostzee woonde lang geleden een Baltische bevolkingsgroep, de Pruisen. Vanaf de 13e eeuw hebben kolonisten uit het overbevolkte Duitsland onder bescherming van de kruisridders van de Duitse Orde daar de macht overgenomen, en zich met de oorspronkelijke bevolking vermengd. Het gebied eindigde als een afgelegen Duitse provincie in de winter van het jaar 1945, toen het Rode Leger in een orgie van wreedheid het gehate volk van de nazi’s de Oostzee in dreef. De overlevende Duitsers kwamen in de Bondsrepubliek of in de DDR terecht, met het laatste DNA van de Baltische Pruisen in hun lijven.

Hoe Rusland en Polen het land verdeelden (Bron: Google)

In hun plaats vestigden zich Russen in het noordelijke gedeelte, en Polen uit het huidige Wit-Rusland in het zuidelijke gedeelte. De grens is kaarsrecht getrokken. Koningsbergen, de ooit welvarende en bruisende hoofdstad van Pruisen aan de monding van de rivier de Pregel, werd eerst door Engelse bombardementen en vervolgens door de Sovjets van de kaart geveegd. Op het terrein van de nagenoeg verdwenen stad werd een nieuw communistisch woonoord gebouwd onder de naam Kalíningrad. Tientallen jaren was deze streek een verboden gebied voor buitenlanders. Na de onafhankelijkheid van Litouwen raakte Kalíningrad met zijn omringende district geïsoleerd van de rest van Rusland, en werd het een exclave aan de Oostzee.

De naam ‘Koningsbergen’ heb ik tijdens mijn studietijd leren kennen door het levensverhaal van Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), de beroemdste Europese filosoof ooit, die zijn leven lang die stad bijna niet uit geweest is. Wat mij toen trof, was dat hij als verzetje ’s avonds iedere dag stipt op de zelfde tijd vergezeld door zijn huisknecht precies dezelfde wandeling door de stad tot buiten de bebouwing ging maken. Ik had op dat moment geen idee waar Koningsbergen lag. Het bestond toen ook al lang niet meer.

Bij de Dom van Koningsbergen

Eind september 2012 ben ik dan zelf toch nog in Koningsbergen geweest. Of ben ik er niet meer geweest, omdat het niet meer bestond? Ben ik dan in Kalíningrad geweest? Of misschien juist in allebei tegelijk? De kennismaking was onvergetelijk. Ik heb heel het gebied van het voormalige (Oost-)Pruisen kunnen doorkruisen, als een kruisridder van vroeger die in de moderne tijd vreedzaam op de motor teruggekeerd is. Ik heb het grafmonument van Kant bij de bewaard gebleven dom van Koningsbergen gezien. Ik heb er kennis gemaakt met de huidige, zeer prettige inwoners van beide landsdelen. En ik heb het geluk gehad daar nog enkele overlevenden van het oude Pruisen te spreken.

Iedere conservator legt persoonlijke accenten in zijn collectiebeleid. Ik vertelde al eerder dat ik als oriëntalist graag exotische geschriften aan de bijzondere collecties toevoeg. Maar ook het oude Oost-Pruisen heeft mijn speciale aandacht. Er was trouwens ook een West-Pruisen, aan de oever van de Weichsel ten zuiden van Danzig. Diverse drukwerken van uitgevers uit het 18e-eeuwse Koningsbergen zijn inmiddels in onze kluis aanwezig: de bekendste huizen zijn Hartung, Reusner en Nicolovius. Het zijn stichtelijke werken, dichtbundels en Latijnse proefschriften van de universiteit Albertina.

Boek ‘Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft’ geschreven door Kant, tijdens zijn leven in Koningsbergen verschenen

Maar het mooist is als je werken van Immanuel Kant zelf, die nog tijdens zijn leven in Koningsbergen verschenen zijn, bemachtigen kunt. Sinds kort hebben wij een eerste druk van ‘Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft’, uitgegeven bij Kants buurman Friedrich Nicolovius in 1793. Het is bijzonder te bedenken hoe deze exemplaren uiteindelijk in Middelburg hun uiteindelijke bestemming gevonden hebben. Ze waren zeker al voor 1945 door verkoop en vererving naar het westen gekomen. Ooit gedrukt in inmiddels allang verwoeste panden aan de monding van de Pregel, rusten ze nu aan de monding van de Schelde.

Marinus Bierens,
Conservator Bijzondere collecties